Recently, a series of anti-fraud videos of “Typical Fraud Cases Involving Elderly” initiated by the Beijing Association of Senior Citizens was filmed in Beijing Yifa Law Firm.
Lawyer Wang Miao, Lawyer Mu Wei, Lawyer Bi Jinhong, Lawyer Luo Dongxue from the Senior Legal Affairs Department of our firm explained 5 classic cases to the elderly in the video. Through case narration and case analysis, we will sort out the means and methods of fraud for the elderly, combined with corresponding legal regulations, provide the elderly with practical anti-fraud tips, and call on the elderly to keep their eyes open, avoid being deceived, and be positive Protect the legitimate rights and interests of individuals.
Attorney Mu Wei from the Senior Legal Affairs Department of our firm introduced and analyzed two typical cases of fraud involving senior citizens online-health care product fraud and WeChat group stock fraud.
Health product fraud:
Attorney Mu Wei described a fraud case about the promotion of health products online:
Xiao Liu's mother once joined an elderly shopping group. After the outbreak, this group was activated by Mr. Zhu, who claimed to be the agent in charge of a famous international health care company in China. "Zhu Zhu" often said that some medical terms that the elderly don't understand will answer the new coronary pneumonia in the group. Some people in the group say that they know their company, which is particularly good in the pharmaceutical industry.
Xiao Liu's parents are very worried about being infected by the epidemic, so they chat privately for advice. During the chat, "Zhu" revealed that there are "secret channels" to obtain health care products developed abroad to prevent the infection of new coronary pneumonia. Xiao Liu's parents actively expressed their desire to buy immediately. "Zhu Zhu" said that there are more than 200 people in the queue to buy in front of them. The two elders had trouble sleeping and eating because of the tactics of catching them. In the end, the two elders transferred 45,000 yuan to them to purchase a good medicine that "will not be infected with this virus for a lifetime" after taking them at a time.
However, "Zhu Zhu" delayed the delivery, and recommended health powder to the two old men. The second old man tentatively asked in the previous group. It turned out that she used the same routine to make a single-line contact. Six or seven elderly people in the group also bought this health care product. Everyone went to find the "Zhu Zhu" and found that it had been deleted, saying that the few people who had heard of her company's "big names" had also secretly retired from the group. Those people turned out to be her trust.
According to my country's relevant laws and regulations: fraudulent public and private property, the amount is relatively large, the sentence is not more than three years of fixed-term imprisonment, criminal detention or surveillance, and concurrently or solely fined. In this case, the fraud gang used everyone's knowledge blind spot under the epidemic to hype up the efficacy of health care products and overcome the elderly's fear of illness, thus succeeding in the crime. When there is no "special effect medicine" announced in the country or the world, don't believe the remarks of others for a while. Moreover, the fraud gang in the case has been reminding not to speak up and not to tell their children, because they are afraid that the fraud will be detected.
I would like to remind the elderly to be cautious when facing this situation and not to take drugs randomly. Most of the drugs are useless against the new coronary pneumonia virus. So far, there is no solid large-scale clinical trial evidence to prove these drugs on the market. It can prevent and treat the new crown pneumonia virus. Moreover, these drugs have no clinical trials, and blindly eating them can easily cause other health problems. Medicine can't be taken casually, nor can health products. The elderly should communicate more with their children, pay more attention to the news, and don't trust the false propaganda of strangers too much.
In the face of this type of health care product fraud, how can the elderly be more vigilant?
WeChat group stock fraud:
Mu Lu also described a fraud case about WeChat group stock investment online:
A person who claimed to be Lao Fan added him to WeChat and said, "I have something to ask you to add WeChat." After the addition, the old fan has never been in touch. When Lao Cheng looked at his circle of friends, he found that Lao Fan’s circle of friends often posted some pictures, how much money someone made to cover their positions, how much money someone made through stocks recommended by the teacher, and Lao Cheng gave Lao Fan’s circle of friends a thumbs-up.
A few days later, Lao Fan contacted Lao Cheng and wanted to add Lao Cheng to a WeChat group, telling him that he could earn a small amount of money to support the elderly. Old Cheng thought, I'll take a look. After joining the WeChat group, Lao Cheng has not spoken but observed in secret, and found that some people are interacting every day, some people send screenshots of income, and some people pull new people in, and those who pull people can get red envelopes. The group owner is responsible for analyzing and recommending stocks for everyone, and the recommended stocks make money every day.
Lao Cheng downloaded a piece of software under the guidance of the group owner and invested 50,000. After a few days, he saw that his account had increased by 5,000, and he made several orders in a row, all of which were profitable. The group owner asked him to increase his capital investment. If the market is good, funds can double in a short period of time. Old Cheng thought that he had made a lot of money before, so he added 50,000 yuan. When I waited for the operation later, it was completely different from before. I was losing money every day. The group owner said that if he invests more, he must make a big move on Friday, which can increase by 50%. Lao Cheng invested another 120,000, but instead of raising this 50%, he also dropped 10%. Now he has only more than 40,000 on his account. Lao Cheng thought about putting up the 40,000 yuan, and found that he couldn't sell it normally. Only then did he feel something was wrong. When contacting the group owner, the phone number and WeChat failed, and he was kicked out by the group owner. Only then did Lao Cheng found out that he had been cheated and called the police immediately.
According to my country's relevant laws and regulations: The act of defrauding a large amount of public and private property for the purpose of illegal possession by falsifying facts or concealing the truth is in line with the constitutive requirements of the crime of fraud in the criminal law. The Lao Cheng in the case is the method used by the other party to operate in a dark box. In the early stage, the deceived person can taste the sweetness and gain trust through the rebate, and subsequently defraud a larger amount.
In this regard, Mu Lu advises elderly friends to pay attention to the following points and be cautious about personal financial issues and the virtual nature of the Internet:
1. Don't enter the WeChat group at will, and don't trust the sharing and remarks in the group too much. It is difficult to distinguish the true from the false on the Internet, and it is difficult to guarantee whether it will be "trapped" by the trap designed by scammers.
2. Investment and financial management need to be cautious. Any investment has corresponding risks, and often the return rate is too high is fake, just to put a long line to catch the big fish. You can't see short-term gains and lose all your pension money.
3. After being deceived, remember to keep relevant evidence, including payment records, chat records and other information, and report to the police in time.